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Taxon: Crocus sativus L.

 
Genus: Crocus
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Crocoideae
Tribe: Croceae
Nomen number: 12265
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:36. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358057
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (obtained from stigmas) flavoring (spice obtained from stigmas)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Crocus+sativus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Harpke, D. et al. 2013. Phylogeny of Crocus (Iridaceae) based on one chloropast and two nuclear loci: Ancient hybridization and chromosome number evolution. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:617-627.
  8. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:359.
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  12. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:93.
  13. Nemati, Z, et al. 2019. Saffron (Crocus sativus) is an autotriploid that evolved in Attica (Greece) from wild Crocus cartwrightianus. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 136:14-20.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Schmidt, T. et al. 2019. Adding color to a century-old enigma: multi-color chromosome identification unravels the autotriploid nature of saffron (Crocus sativus as a hybrid of wild Crocus cartwrightianus cytotypes. New Phytol. 222:1965-1980. DOI: 10.1111/nph.15715
  19. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  20. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  21. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Crocus sativus L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?12265. Accessed 4 July 2020.