Taxon: Crotalaria juncea L.

Genus: Crotalaria
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Crotalarieae
Nomen number: 12331
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:714. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Sep-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 64 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (green manure fide Dict Econ Pl; Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: potential as forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:98-100. 1992)
  • Materials: fiber (more enduring than jute fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range in s. Asia obscure


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Sikkim, - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Gujarat, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Kerala, - Madhya Pradesh, - Maharashtra, - Manipur, - Meghalaya, - Nagaland, - Orissa, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Tamil Nadu, - Tripura, - Uttar Pradesh, - Karnataka, - Delhi, - Goa, - Mizoram, - Pondicherry, - Arunachal Pradesh

  • Cultivated:

    . cult. throughout tropics


  • Federal Seed Act and Regulations, Agricultural and Vegetable Kind Lists, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch. 1998 (Federal Seed Act)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Bernal M., H. Y. 1986. Crotalaria (Fabaceae - Faboideae) (F Colomb) 4:59.
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. 1991 (Leg WAsia)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Matos G., F. 1978. El género Crotalaria en Venezuela Acta Bot. Venez. 13:87.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • Niyomdham, C. 1978. A revision of the genus Crotalaria Linn. (Papilionaceae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 11:135.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Polhill, R. M. 1982. Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar. 1982 (Crot Afr Madag) 372.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:98-100.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yang, C. Y. 1983. On the problems of the classification of Crotalaria in China Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 3(4):107.

Check other web resources for Crotalaria juncea L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image