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Taxon: Cucumis metuliferus E. Mey. ex Naudin

 
Genus: Cucumis
Subgenus: Cucumis
Section: Metuliferi
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Nomen number: 12574
Place of publication: Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 11:10. 1859
Link to protologue:
Comment: there is some question as to whether the spelling should be corrected to "metulifer" to reflect the classical Latin termination (Shenzhen ICN Art. 32.2) for the masculine form of this adjectival epithet (see also W. T. Stearn, Botanical Latin ed. 4:91. 1992), but lacking explicit guidance in the Code for this case we retain the original spelling
Name Verified on: 06-Feb-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 67 (56 active, 51 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (used like cucumbers)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Burkina Faso, Liberia, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]


References:

  1. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Horned melon. Lost crops of Africa. 3:89-101.
  2. Chen, J.-F. & X.-H. Zhou. 2011. Cucumis. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, vegetables 6:67-90. Note: this report cites Cucumis metuliferus as 2n=24 that failed in attempts of crossing with either C. melo or C. sativus
  3. Deakin, J. R. et al. 1971. Interspecific hybridization in Cucumis. Econ. Bot. 25:195-211.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  7. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  9. Ghebretinsae, A. G. et al. 2007. Relationships of cucumbers and melons unraveled: molecular phylogenetics of Cucumis and related genera (Benincaseae, Cucurbitaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94:1256-1266.
  10. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa
  13. Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. 1993. Biosystematic monograph of the genus Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) Note: Parkway Publ., North Carolina
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Navrátilová, B. et al. 2011. Biotechnological methods utilized in Cucumis research - A review. Hort. Sci. 38:150-158. Note: this review showed some successful embryo rescue attempts of crosses of Cucumis sativus × C. metuliferus
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Renner, S. S. et al. 2007. Phylogenetics of Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae): Cucumber (C. sativus) belongs in an Asian/Australian clade far from melon (C. melo. B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 7:58. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-7-58
  19. Schaefer, H. 2007. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) must include Cucumella, Dicoelospermum, Mukia, Myrmecosicyos, and Oreosyce: a recircumscription based on nuclear and plastid DNA data. Blumea 52:170.
  20. Sebastian, P. et al. 2010. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and melon (C. melo) have numerous wild relatives in Asia and Australia, and the sister species of melon is from Australia. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107:14269-14273.
  21. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  23. Walters, S. A. & C. W. Todd. 2002. Incompatibility in diploid and tetraploid crosses of Cucumis sativus and Cucumis metuliferus. Euphytica 128:371-374. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  24. Whitake, T. W. 1990. Cucurbits of potential economic importance. Biology and utilization of the Cucurbitaceae 321.
  25. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  26. Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
  27. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Cucumis metuliferus E. Mey. ex Naudin :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?12574. Accessed 19 September 2019.