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Taxon: Curcuma longa L.

 
Genus: Curcuma
Family: Zingiberaceae
Subfamily: Zingiberoideae
Tribe: Zingibereae
Nomen number: 12676
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:2. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 9 (3 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: coloring (fide Ency CNatIn; J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948. 1997) flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948. 1997)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: source of curcumin (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):215. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (probably native)


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  4. Burtt, B. L. 1977. The nomenclature of turmeric and other Ceylon Zingiberaceae. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35:209-215.
  5. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  6. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. Note: cultivated
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Curcuma+longa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Leong-Škorničková, J. et al. 2008. On the identity of turmeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:37-46.
  13. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 499-500.
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: a nom. dub.
  15. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:95.
  19. Newman, M. et al. 2004. Checklist of the Zingiberaceae of Malesia. Blumea Suppl. 16:65.
  20. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):215.
  21. Parashar, et al. 1995. Vaniki Sandesh. 19:1-4.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Real Academia Española. Diccionario de la lengua española (on-line resource). Note: re. common names
  25. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  26. Shah, N. C. 1997. Traditional uses of tumeric (Curcuma longa) in India. J. Med. Aromat. Pl. Sci. 19:948-954.
  27. Sirirugsa, P. et al. 2007. The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand. Gard. Bull. Singapore 59:212.
  28. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  29. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Curcuma longa L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Curcuma longa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?12676. Accessed 19 July 2019.