Taxon: Cydonia oblonga Mill.

Genus: Cydonia
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 12779
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Cydonia no. 1. 1768
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 05-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 268 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Food Feed Crops US; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for loquat (fide Genet Genom Rosaceae 1:8. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for pear (based on clonal propagated plants fide Eur J Pl Pathol 123:218. 2009)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Pyronia (fide Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr 1:4, 6. 2011)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Iran

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


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  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Badenes, M. L. et al. 2013. Chapter 5. Breeding loquat Pl. Breed. Rev. 37:269.
  • Bassil, N. V. et al. 2011. Quince (Cydonia oblonga) genetic relationships determined using microsatellite markers Acta Hort. 909:75-83.
  • Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 1-16.
  • Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 1-16.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios. 1969- (F EntreR)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
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  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
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  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hummel, K. E. & J. Janick Rosaceae: Taxonomy, economic importance, genomics (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 1:1-17.
  • Hummer, K. E. et al. 2012. Chapter 4. Emerging fruit crops (Handb Pl Breed Fruit) 4:103-107.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya. 1984 (Flow Himal)
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  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223.
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
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  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)


Check other web resources for Cydonia oblonga Mill. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image