Taxon: Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

 
Genus: Cymbopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Anthristiriinae
Nomen number: 12797
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906:357. 1906
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • lemongrass  (Source: HerbSpices) - English
  • West Indian lemongrass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • citronelle   - French
  • citronnelle   - French
  • herbe citron  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lemongrass  (Source: pers. comm.) - French
  • verveine des Indes  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Lemongras  (Source: HerbSpices) - German
  • westindisches Zitronengras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Zitronengras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • erva-cidreira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cana-cidreira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-limão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-cidró  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-santo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • patchuli-falso  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pasto limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • zacate dete  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • zacate limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sontol  (Source: Man CostaR) - Spanish (Costa Rica)
  • yerba luisa  (Source: Voc Nombr Vulg) - Spanish (Peru)
  • citrongräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide CultTropS; Pl Res SEAs 19:95. 1999)
  • Materials: essential oils (used as a masking fragrance)
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CRCAustralia 145. 2007)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands (U.S.) [St. Croix, St. Thomas]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Naturalized

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Other (origin unknown)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Anjaria, J. V. 1989. Herbal Drugs: Potential for industry and cash. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry (New Crops Food Ind) 90.
  4. Bellenot, D. 2009. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 2:412-414.
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1994. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon) 8:130.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  15. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  17. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  18. Hollyman, K. J. et al. 1993. Les noms français des plantes calédoniennes : étude lexicographique et lexicologique 222 pp.
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  25. Missouri Botanical Garden W³Tropicos (on-line resource). (TROPICOS)
  26. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:95-98.
  27. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  32. Soukup, J. 1971. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana (Voc Nombr Vulg) 106-107.
  33. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  34. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl) 167.
  35. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  37. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:167.

Check other web resources for Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?12797. Accessed 23 June 2018.