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Taxon: Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

Genus: Cymbopogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Anthristiriinae
Nomen number: 12797
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906:357. 1906
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Feb-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • lemongrass  (Source: HerbSpices) - English
  • West Indian lemongrass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • citronelle   - French
  • citronnelle   - French
  • herbe citron  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lemongrass  (Source: pers. comm.) - French
  • verveine des Indes  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Lemongras  (Source: HerbSpices) - German
  • westindisches Zitronengras  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Zitronengras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • erva-cidreira  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cana-cidreira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cana-limão  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-cidró  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-santo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • patchuli-falso  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pasto limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • zacate dete  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • zacate limón  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sontol  (Source: Man CostaR) - Spanish (Costa Rica)
  • yerba luisa  (Source: Voc Nombr Vulg) - Spanish (Peru)
  • citrongräs  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide CultTropS; Pl Res SEAs 19:95. 1999)
  • Materials: lipids
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco

    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Hainan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, United States [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S., Virgin Islands, U.S.]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile

    Other (origin unknown)


  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Anjaria, J. V. 1989. Herbal Drugs: Potential for industry and cash. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. New crops for food and industry 90.
  4. Bellenot, D. 2009. pers. comm. Note: re. French common names
  5. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1950. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 2:412-414.
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1994. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 8:130. Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Cymbopogon+citratus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  15. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139-247.
  16. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  17. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica Note: cultivated, as Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf
  18. Hollyman, K. J. et al. 1993. Les noms français des plantes calédoniennes : étude lexicographique et lexicologique. 222 pp. Note: Didier, Paris
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  20. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  21. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as C. citratus (DC. ex Nees) Stapf
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Missouri Botanical Garden. W³Tropicos (on-line resource). Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  26. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 19:95-98. Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  29. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  30. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  32. Soukup, J. 1971. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. Colegio Salesiano, Lima, Peru. 106-107. Note: re. Spanish (Peru) common name
  33. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-380.
  34. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 167. Note: lists as C. citratus (DC.) Stapf
  35. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:167.

Check other web resources for Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?12797. Accessed 10 July 2020.