Taxon: Cynara cardunculus L.

Genus: Cynara
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Carduoideae
      Tribe: Cardueae
        Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 12839
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:827. 1753
Comment: [cultivated forms include C. cardunculus Cardoon and Scolymus Groups]
Name Verified on: 05-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: beverage base (for making cynar fide Syst Evol Biog Comp 50. 2009, as C. scolymus)
  • Human food: vegetable (leaves and receptacle of inflorescence fide Bot J Linn Soc 109:116. 1992; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials: potential as fiber (for paper production fide Industr Crops Prod 13:1. 2001)
  • Medicines: source of cynarin (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Europe
  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guanajuato, - Michoacan, - Queretaro
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Peru


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Check other web resources for Cynara cardunculus L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image