Taxon: Cynoglossum officinale L.

Genus: Cynoglossum
Family: Boraginaceae
  Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 12866
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:134. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Dict Econ Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Pulmonaria 94.)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Europe

    • : Europe


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  • Angely, J. A. Flora analítica e fitográfica do Estado de São Paulo. 1970- (F Anal Sao Paulo)
  • Bennett, M. Pulmonarias and the Borage family. 2003 (Pulmonaria) 98.
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
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Check other web resources for Cynoglossum officinale L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image