Taxon: Cyperus involucratus Rottb.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
  Subfamily: Cyperoideae
      Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 12898
Place of publication: Descr. pl. rar. 22. 1772
Name Verified on: 06-May-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-May-2012
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3, as C. flabelliformis; Eur Gard F)
  • Environmental: pollution control (fide Jap J Crop Sci 66:325-326. 1997)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Ann Bot Fenn 27:64. 1990, as C. alternifolius subsp. flabelliformis)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Kew Bull 56:282. 2001, as C. alternifolius subsp. flabelliformis)
  • Social: religious/secular (fide Kew Bull 56:282. 2001, as C. alternifolius subsp. flabelliformis)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Morocco
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Louisiana
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Colima, - Federal District, - Jalisco, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Baijnath, H. 1975. A study of Cyperus alternifolius L., sens. lat. (Cyperaceae) Kew Bull. 30:521-526.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gordon-Gray, K. D. Cyperaceae in Natal. 1995 (Cyper Natal)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. 1986 (F SAust)
  • Kukkonen, I. 1990. On the nomenclatural problems of Cyperus alternifolius Ann. Bot. Fenn. 27:59-66.
  • Miyazaki, A. et al. 1997. On the photosynthetic production and water cleaning ability of Cyperus alternifolius L. grown by the floating culture system Jap. J. Crop Sci. 66:325-326.
  • Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 31 Mar.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:20.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)

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