Taxon: Dactylis glomerata L.

 
Genus: Dactylis
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Dactylidinae
Nomen number: 13114
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:71. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 07-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1510 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide State Noxweed Seed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Northern America
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [West Virginia]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Uruguay


References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  5. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  7. Bushman, B. S. et al. 2011. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) EST and SSR marker development, annotation, and transferability Theor. Appl. Genet. 123:119-129.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  9. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  11. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  12. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  16. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  17. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  20. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  23. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  24. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  25. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  28. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  30. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  31. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  32. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  33. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  34. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:242.
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  36. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  38. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  39. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  40. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  41. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  42. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  43. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  44. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Dactylis glomerata L. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?13114. Accessed 22 May 2018.