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Taxon: Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

 
Genus: Descurainia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Descurainieae
Nomen number: 13568
Place of publication: H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2):192. 1891
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • flixweed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • herb-Sophia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • tansy mustard  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sagesse des chirurgiens  (Source: IllF MEur) - French
  • Besenrauke  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • Sophienkraut  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • kujira-gusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • bo niang hao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • jaessug  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food: vegetable (sprouted seeds & leaves)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom [England (e.)]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu] Korea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Detling, L. 1939. A revision of the North American species of Descurainia. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22:487-488.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  12. Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. Hegi, G. et al. 1906-. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  15. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  19. Jiang, S.-H. et al. 2006. Studies on protoplast culture of Descurainia sophia callii. IN Acta Prataculturae Sinica. 15:94.
  20. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles. 1969. Arizona flora, ed. 2.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Descurainia sophia (L.) Schur
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  23. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  24. Luo, P. et al. 1998. Descurainia sophia, an oil-bearing plant species for special purposes. Chin. J. Oil Crop Sci. 20:28-32.
  25. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  26. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  27. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  29. Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea Note: Academybook Publishing Co., Seoul.
  30. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  31. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  32. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  35. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  37. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  38. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data. Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), ed. 3 (on-line resource). 1-91.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  40. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?13568. Accessed 22 July 2019.