Taxon: Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

 
Genus: Descurainia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Descurainieae
Nomen number: 13568
Place of publication: H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2):192. 1891
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 04-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Apr-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • flixweed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • herb-Sophia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • tansy mustard  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sagesse des chirurgiens  (Source: IllF MEur) - French
  • Besenrauke  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • Sophienkraut  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • kujira-gusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • bo niang hao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • jaessug  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Human food: potential as oil/fat (oil fide Chin J Oil Crop Sci 20:28-32. 1998)
  • Human food: vegetable (sprouted seeds & leaves fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (based on one record of hybrids with Brassica napus obtained by protoplast fusion fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom [England (e.)]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Northern Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu] Korea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, South Australia]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Detling, L. 1939. A revision of the North American species of Descurainia Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22:487-488.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  12. Grubov, V. I. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia. 2001 (Pl Mongol)
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  14. Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur)
  15. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  17. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  19. Jiang, S.-H. et al. 2006. Studies on protoplast culture of Descurainia sophia callii. IN Acta Prataculturae Sinica 15:94.
  20. Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. (F Ariz)
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  24. Luo, P. et al. 1998. Descurainia sophia, an oil-bearing plant species for special purposes Chin. J. Oil Crop Sci. 20:28-32.
  25. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. (F Arabia)
  26. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  27. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  29. Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea. 2001 (Atlas Korea)
  30. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  31. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  32. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  33. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  34. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  35. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  37. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  38. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.
  39. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  40. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?13568. Accessed 21 April 2018.