Taxon: Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

 
Genus: Descurainia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Descurainieae
Nomen number: 13568
Place of publication: H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(2):192. 1891
Name Verified on: 04-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Apr-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • flixweed  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • herb-Sophia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • tansy mustard  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sagesse des chirurgiens  (Source: IllF MEur) - French
  • Besenrauke  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • Sophienkraut  (Source: IllF MEur) - German
  • kujira-gusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • bo niang hao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • jaessug  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: potential as oil/fat (oil fide Chin J Oil Crop Sci 20:28-32. 1998)
  • Human food: vegetable (sprouted seeds & leaves fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (based on one record of hybrids with Brassica napus obtained by protoplast fusion fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Sikkim, - Uttar Pradesh; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom - England
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Gauteng, - Northern Cape
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu; Korea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - South Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Afghanistan

References:

  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Detling, L. 1939. A revision of the North American species of Descurainia Amer. Midl. Naturalist 22:487-488.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Grubov, V. I. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia. 2001 (Pl Mongol)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- (IllF MEur)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Jiang, S.-H. et al. 2006. Studies on protoplast culture of Descurainia sophia callii. IN Acta Prataculturae Sinica 15:94.
  • Kearney, T. H. & R. H. Peebles Arizona flora, ed. 2. 1969 (F Ariz)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Luo, P. et al. 1998. Descurainia sophia, an oil-bearing plant species for special purposes Chin. J. Oil Crop Sci. 20:28-32.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. 1996- (F Arabia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea. 2001 (Atlas Korea)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974 (SF Egypt)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image