Taxon: Acorus calamus L.

Genus: Acorus
Family: Acoraceae
Nomen number: 1358
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:324. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Apr-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery & pharmacy fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: lipids (used in perfumery & pharmacy fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide BernhardSmith; Pl Book; Der Marderosian)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia Celebes, Java

  • Naturalized


  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. (BernhardSmith)
  • Birdsey, M. R. 1951. The cultivated aroids 8.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). 2002 (L Araceae)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Motley, T. J. 1994. The ethnobotany of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (Araceae) Econ. Bot. 48:397-412.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wyk, B.-E. van et al. Medicinal plants of South Africa. 2009 (Med Pl SAfr)

Check other web resources for Acorus calamus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.