Taxon: Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Stapf

 
Genus: Desmostachya
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Nomen number: 13689
Place of publication: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. cap. 7:632. 1900
Name Verified on: 29-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Aug-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Animal food: fodder (but only in arid regions fide Grass BCIP)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; Wealth India RM; Ayurveda Ency, as Eragrostis cynosuroides)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; F Iraq)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Tunisia
    • West Tropical Africa: Mauritania
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • China: China - Hainan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Cocos (Keeling) Islands

References:

  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Chaudhary, S. A. Weeds of Saudi Arabia and the Arabian Peninsula. 1987 (Weeds Saudi Arabia)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

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