Taxon: Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.

 
Genus: Actaea
Section: Actaea
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Actaeeae
Nomen number: 1383
Place of publication: Enum. pl. 1:561. 1809
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Jun-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang, Hebei, Jilin, Liaoning, Shanxi, Nei Monggol]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaido, Honshu]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway, Sweden
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (n.)]

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana (n.), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey (n.), New York, Ohio (n.), Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n.), Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska (e. & n.w.), North Dakota, South Dakota (s.e. & w.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Compton, J. A. et al. 1998. Reclassification of Actaea to include Cimicifuga and Souliea (Ranunculaceae): phylogeny inferred from morphology, nrDNA ITS, and cpDNA trnL-F sequence variation (Taxon) 47:615.
  3. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  4. Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  8. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  9. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  13. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  14. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  15. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  16. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  17. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  18. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  19. Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. (F Utah ed2)

Check other web resources for Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?1383. Accessed 21 June 2018.