Taxon: Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.

 
Genus: Actaea
    Section: Actaea
Family: Ranunculaceae
  Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
      Tribe: Actaeeae
Nomen number: 1383
Place of publication: Enum. pl. 1:561. 1809
Name Verified on: 05-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Jun-2006
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F NAmer)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Heilongjiang, - Hebei, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Shanxi, - Nei Monggol
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway; Sweden
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Compton, J. A. et al. 1998. Reclassification of Actaea to include Cimicifuga and Souliea (Ranunculaceae): phylogeny inferred from morphology, nrDNA ITS, and cpDNA trnL-F sequence variation (Taxon) 47:615.
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. A Utah flora. 1993 (F Utah ed2)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image