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Taxon: Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb.) Schreb. ex Muhl.

 
Genus: Digitaria
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Anthephorinae
Nomen number: 14029
Place of publication: Descr. gram. 131. 1817
Link to protologue:
Comment: the specific epithet is a noun and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Shenzhen ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 17-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • small crabgrass  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • smooth crabgrass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • smooth finger grass  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • smooth summer grass  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • smooth crab grass  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • digitaire astringente  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • kahle Fingerhirse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Turkey (n.e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan (n.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), South Australia (s.e.), Victoria]

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola, United States [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 42.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with two varieties
  15. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  21. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:128. Note: lists as Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb.) Muehl.
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  23. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  24. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  25. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  27. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:204.
  28. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  29. AusGrass2 (on-line resource). URL: http://ausgrass2.myspecies.info/content/digitaria-ischaemum target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb.) Schreb. ex Muhl. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?14029. Accessed 21 November 2019.