Taxon: Actinidia chinensis Planch.

 
Genus: Actinidia
    Section: Stellatae
Family: Actinidiaceae
Nomen number: 1405
Place of publication: London J. Bot. 6:303. 1847
Comment: often given as name for kiwifruit, but this is A. deliciosa
Name Verified on: 22-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 106 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/content/abstract/103/4/1399,)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in hardy kiwifruit (fide Biotechnol Agric For 60:339. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of golden kiwifruit (fide Hort Rev 33:1-122. 2007)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of kiwifruit (fide Pl Syst Evol 205:111-124. 1997; Syst Bot 22:685-700. 1997)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of kiwifruit (fide Pl Syst Evol 205:111-124. 1997; Syst Bot 22:685-700. 1997)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of hardy kiwifruit (based on crossability as 4x with Actinidia arguta fide Hort Rev 33:45, 46, 52. 2007)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Atkinson, R. G. & E. A. Macrae 2007. Chapter I.13 Kiwifruit Biotechnol. Agric. Forest. 60:329-346.
  • Atkinson, R. G. et al. 1997. The allopolyploid origin of kiwifruit, Actinidia deliciosa (Actinidiaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 205:111-124.
  • Auger, J. et al. 2011. Outbreak of a lethal wilt form of gold kiwifruit, Actinidia chinensis 'Hort16A' in Chile Acta Hort. 913:473-479.
  • Brevik, A. et al. 2011. Supplementation of a western diet with golden kiwifruits (Actinidia chinensis var. 'Hort 16A':) effects on biomarkers of oxidation damage and antioxidant protection Nutr. J. 10:54.
  • Chat, J. et al. 2004. Reticulate evolution in kiwifruit (Actinidia, Actinidiaceae) identified by comparing their maternal and paternal phylogenies Amer. J. Bot. 91:736-747.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia II: a source book of edible plants. 1998 (Cornucopia II)
  • Ferguson, A. R. & H. Huang 2007. Genetic resources of kiwifruit: domestication and breeding Hort. Rev. 33:1-122.
  • Ferguson, A. R. & H. Huang 2007. Genetic resources of kiwifruit: domestication and breeding Hort. Rev. 33:1-122.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hirsch, A. M. et al. 2001. Embryo rescue from interspecific crosses in the genus Actinidia (kiwifruit) Pl. Cell Rep. 20:508-516.
  • Hirsch, A. M. et al. 2001. Embryo rescue from interspecific crosses in the genus Actinidia (kiwifruit) Pl. Cell Rep. 20:508-516.
  • Huang, H.-W. & A. R. Ferguson 2007. Actinidia in China: natural diversity, phylogeographical evolution, interspecific gene flow and kiwifruit cultivar improvement Acta Hort. 753:31-40.
  • Huang, H.-W. & A. R. Ferguson 2007. Actinidia in China: natural diversity, phylogeographical evolution, interspecific gene flow and kiwifruit cultivar improvement Acta Hort. 753:31-40.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Li, D. et al. 2010. Morphological and cytotype variation of wild kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis complex) along an altitudinal and longitudinal gradient in central-west China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 164:72-83.
  • Li, H. L. 1952. A taxonomic review of the genus Actinidia J. Arnold Arbor. 33:54.
  • Li, J. et al. 2002. Molecular phylogeny and infrageneric classification of Actinidia (Actinidiaceae) Syst. Bot. 27:406-415.
  • Liang, C. F. & A. R. Ferguson 1986. The botanical nomenclature of the kiwifruit and related taxa New Zealand J. Bot. 24:183-184.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Redgwell, R. J. & S. C. Fry 1993. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase activity increases during kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) ripening (implications for fruit softening) Pl. Physiol. (Lancaster) 103:1399-1406.
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Testolin, R. & A. R. Ferguson 1997. Isozyme polymorphism in the genus Actinidia and the origin of the kiwifruit genome Syst. Bot. 22:685-700.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Actinidia chinensis Planch. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image