Taxon: Dillenia indica L.

Genus: Dillenia
Family: Dilleniaceae
Nomen number: 14122
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:535. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • dillenia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • elephant-apple  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • chalta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • karambel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • fruta-estrela  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • árvore-da-pataca  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árvore-do-dinheiro  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • dilênia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flor-de-abril  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Cornucopia)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (source of a red dye fide Use Pl WT Afr)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Yunnan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia

  • Cultivated


  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • DeFilipps, R. A. Ornamental garden plants of the Guianas. 1992 (Orn Pl Guian)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia) 2:91.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl) 180.

Check other web resources for Dillenia indica L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image