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Taxon: Diospyros lotus L.

Genus: Diospyros
Family: Ebenaceae
Nomen number: 14296
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 98 (12 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • date-plum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • lotus persimmon  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • lotustree  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • faux lotier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • guyac de Tadone  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • plaqueminier lotier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Lotuspflaumenbaum  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • mame-gaki  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • shinano-gaki  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • guiaca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • guiacana  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • caqui  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • guayacán africano  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • dadelplommon  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • jun qian zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • goyomnamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base; fruit
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (e.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Pakistan (n.)

    Cultivated (also cult. in temperate regions)


  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Diospyros_lotus/ target='_blank'
  2. Akagi, T. et al. 2014. A Y-chromosome-encoded small RNA acts as a sex determinant in persimmons. Science 346:646-650.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Choi, Y. A. et al. 2003. Genomic in situ hybridization between persimmon (Diospyros kaki and several wild species of Diospyros. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 72:385-388.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duangjai, S. et al. 2009. A multi-locus phylogenetic analysis of the pantropical genus Diospyros (Ebenaceae), with an emphasis on the radiation and biogeographic origins of the New Caledonian endemic species. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 52:602-620.
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  9. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  12. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  13. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  14. Luo, Z. & R. Wang. 2008. Persimmon in China: Domestication and traditional utilizations of genetic resources. Advances Hort. Sci. 22:239-243.
  15. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:96.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  18. Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee. 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States. Econ. Bot. 50:60.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  24. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Diospyros lotus L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?14296. Accessed 3 June 2020.