Taxon: Adansonia digitata L.

 
Genus: Adansonia
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Nomen number: 1433
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1144. 1759 (Sp. pl. 2:1190. 1753, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: genus not validated until 1759, as Linnaeus (in Sp. pl. ed. 1 and Gen. pl.) failed to provide a description or a reference to a previously published one
Typification:
Name Verified on: 29-Sep-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Lost Crops Afr 3:43. 2008)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Lost Crops Afr 3:43. 2008)
  • Human food: oil/fat ()
  • Human food: seeds (fide Lost Crops Afr 3:43. 2008)
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa [Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America


    Naturalized (widely natzd. in tropics)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cameroun. (F Cameroun)
  4. Baum, D. A. 1995. A systematic revision of Adansonia (Bombacaceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 82:452.
  5. Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. (F Senegal)
  6. Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Baobab (Lost Crops Afr) 3:41-59.
  7. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. (F Angol)
  8. Cron, G. V. et al. 2016. One African baobab species or two? Synonymy of Adansonia kilima and A. digitata (Taxon) 65:1037-1049.
  9. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Feuillet, C. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. (F Madag)
  17. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. (F Namib)
  20. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  21. Pock Tsy, J.-M. L. et al. 2009. Chloroplast DNA phylogeography suggests a West African centre of origin for the baobab, Adansonia digitata L. (Bombacoideae, Malvaceae) Molec. Ecol. 18:1707-1715.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  24. Wiehle, M. et al. 2014. The African baobab ( Adansonia digitata, Malvaceae): Genetic resources in neglected populations of the Nuba mountains, Sudan Amer. J. Bot. 101:1498-1507.
  25. Wyk, B.-E. van et al. Medicinal plants of South Africa. 2009 (Med Pl SAfr)

Check other web resources for Adansonia digitata L. :

  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?1433. Accessed 21 April 2018.