Taxon: Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

Genus: Echinacea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 14799
Place of publication: Methodus 591. 1794, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
  • • conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
  • • based on Rudbeckia purpurea L., nom. cons.
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Indiana, Michigan, Ohio
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee

  • Naturalized

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Ontario

  • Cultivated


  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Germany ; Poland


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Echinacea (Asteraceae: Heliantheae) Syst. Bot. 27:620-621.
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. (1508) Proposal to conserve the name Rudbeckia purpurea [=Echinacea purpurea] (Asteraceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 50:1199-1200.
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. Typification of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Heliantheae: Asteraceae) and its implications for the correct naming of two Echinacea taxa (Taxon) 50:1169-1175.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2004. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 54 (Taxon) 53:817-818.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)


Check other web resources for Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image