Taxon: Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Echinacea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 14799
Place of publication: Methodus 591. 1794, nom. cons.
Comments:
  • • conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
  • • based on Rudbeckia purpurea L., nom. cons.
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 27 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, - Michigan, - Ohio
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - Tennessee

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

    Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany; Poland

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Echinacea (Asteraceae: Heliantheae) Syst. Bot. 27:620-621.
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. (1508) Proposal to conserve the name Rudbeckia purpurea [=Echinacea purpurea] (Asteraceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 50:1199-1200.
  • Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. Typification of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Heliantheae: Asteraceae) and its implications for the correct naming of two Echinacea taxa (Taxon) 50:1169-1175.
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2004. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 54 (Taxon) 53:817-818.
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mills, S. & K. Bone Principles and practice of phytotherapy: modern herbal medicine. 1999 (Prin Phytotherapy)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image