Taxon: Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench

 
Genus: Echinacea
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Nomen number: 14799
Place of publication: Methodus 591. 1794, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV)
  • • based on Rudbeckia purpurea L., nom. cons.
Typification:
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Sep-2015
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Michigan (s.), Ohio]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa (s.), Kansas (Cherokee Co.), Missouri, Oklahoma (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Asteraceae&GenusID=Echinacea&SpeciesID=purpurea)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Binns, S. E. et al. 2002. A taxonomic revision of Echinacea (Asteraceae: Heliantheae) Syst. Bot. 27:620-621.
  3. Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. (1508) Proposal to conserve the name Rudbeckia purpurea [=Echinacea purpurea] (Asteraceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 50:1199-1200.
  4. Binns, S. E. et al. 2001. Typification of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Heliantheae: Asteraceae) and its implications for the correct naming of two Echinacea taxa (Taxon) 50:1169-1175.
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 2004. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 54 (Taxon) 53:817-818.
  6. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  7. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  8. Eilers, L. J. & D. M. Roosa The vascular plants of Iowa. 1994 (L Iowa)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  12. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  14. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  22. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  25. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  26. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  27. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  28. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)

Check other web resources for Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?14799. Accessed 21 April 2018.