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Taxon: Echium vulgare L.

 
Genus: Echium
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Boraginoideae
Tribe: Lithospermeae
Nomen number: 14879
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:139. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production; honey production
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Utah]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Bennett, M. 2003. Pulmonarias and the Borage family 100, 108-109.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Echium+vulgare&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  14. Guillarmod, A. J. 1971. Flora of Lesotho.
  15. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  17. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  18. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  19. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  21. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 2011. North American plant atlas. The Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
  23. Klemow, K. M. et al. 2002. The biology of Canadian weeds. 116. Echium vulgare L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 82:235-248.
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  25. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  26. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  30. Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  31. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  32. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  33. Retief, E. & A. E. Van Wyk. 1998. The genus Echium in southern Africa. Bothalia 28:174.
  34. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  38. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Echium vulgare L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?14879. Accessed 19 July 2019.