Taxon: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.

Genus: Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Nomen number: 14915
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:121. 1753
Name Verified on: 28-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 85 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • oleaster  (Source: F USSR) - English
  • Russian-olive  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • trebizond-date  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • chalef  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • olivier de Bohême  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • schmalblättrige Ölweide  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • árvore-do-paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • árbol del paraíso  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • olivo de Bohemia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • panjino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smalbladig silverbuske  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • sha zao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • loch uzkolistvennyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide F USSR)
  • Human food: fruit (fide F USSR)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide F USSR)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide F USSR)
  • Materials: wood (fide F USSR)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Henan, - Hebei, - Gansu, - Liaoning, - Shanxi, - Shaanxi, - Qinghai, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; United States

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sun, M. & Q. Lin 2010. A revision of Elaeagnus L. (Elaeagnaceae) in mainland China J. Syst. Evol. 48:380-381.
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Elaeagnus angustifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Elaeagnus angustifolia cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image