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Taxon: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.

 
Genus: Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Nomen number: 14934
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:164. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 66, t. 14. 1784 Aug)
Link to protologue:
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name Verified on: 31-Dec-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 41 (17 active, 14 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • autumn elaeagnus  (Source: Names Beetle) - English
  • autumn-olive  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • spreading oleaster  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • autumn-olive    - English (Canada)
  • chalef en ombelles   - French (Canada)
  • doldige Ölweide  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • aki-gumi  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • koreansk silverbuske  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • niu nai zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; potential for erosion control
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô (w.), Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1952. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 3:35.
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 178.
  8. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. 1993-. Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2.
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  11. Franzel, S. et al. 1996. Farmers and trees: linking research and extension. Agroforest. Today 8(3):21.
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  14. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  15. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  16. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/autmnolive.shtml target='_blank'
  17. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. Note: var. rotundifolia
  18. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  19. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  20. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  21. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Elaeagnus umbellata cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?14934. Accessed 7 December 2019.