Taxon: Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

Genus: Eleusine
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Chloridoideae
      Tribe: Cynodonteae
Nomen number: 14997
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:8. 1788
Name Verified on: 29-Nov-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Nov-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: progenitor of finger millet (donor of A-genome fide Theor Appl Genet 102:829. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of finger millet (based on some cross-compatibilty as pollen donor in crosses with finger millet resulting in sterile hybrids fide Theor Appl Genet 84:750. 1992)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range in paleotropics obscure


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - KwaZulu-Natal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar
    • North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile - Easter Island; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium
    • Northern Europe: Norway


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