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Taxon: Elymus canadensis L.

 
Genus: Elymus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 15032
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:83. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 133 (84 active, 49 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001) forage
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories (s.w.)] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec (s.), Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan (s.), Alberta, Manitoba (s.), British Columbia (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina (w.), Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (n.), Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Nuevo León]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Baum, B. R. et al. 2012. Are the Great Plains wildrye (Elymus canadensis) and the Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus) conspecific? A study based on the nuclear 5S rDNA sequences. Botany 90:407-421. Note: this study tested "the hypothesis that Elymus canadensis and E. sibiricus are two separate species"; it found that samples of the former were significantly different from all specimens of the latter
  3. Chase, A. & C. D. Niles, comps. 1962. Index to grass species.
  4. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  6. Dewey, D. R. 1984. The genomic system of classification as a guide to intergeneric hybridization with the perennial Triticeae. Gene manipulation in plant improvement. Note: Plenum Publishing, New York.New York.
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  8. Englert, J. 1999. New and upcoming native grass releases from the Eastern US Plant Materials Centers. Proceedings of the Second Eastern Native Grass Symposium, November 17-19, 1999. Baltimore, Maryland 2:132.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Elymus+canadensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  14. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  15. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with two varieties
  17. Löve, Á. 1984. Conspectus of the Triticeae. Feddes Repert. 95:451.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. Mason-Gamer, R. J. et al. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of North American Elymus and the monogenomic Triticeae (Poaceae) using three chloroplast DNA data sets. Genome 45:991-1002. Note: this study included two USDA samples (PI 578675 & PI 531568) of Elymus canadensis
  20. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains.
  21. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  22. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16
  23. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  24. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  25. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:284.
  26. Wang, R. R.-C. 2011. Chapter 2. Agropyron and Psathyrostachys. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, cereals 77-108. Note: this review mentioned the diversity of genome constitution in Triticeae, all types found in Elymus able to cross with wheat
  27. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  28. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Elymus&SpeciesID=canadensis target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Elymus canadensis L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?15032. Accessed 24 October 2019.