Taxon: Euphorbia helioscopia L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16373
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:459. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Jun-1998
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman ; Saudi Arabia ; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangsu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea ; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czechoslovakia ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Former Yugoslavia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized


References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Oudejans, R. C. H. M. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution. 1990 (L Euphorbieae)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia helioscopia L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image