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Taxon: Euphorbia helioscopia L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16373
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:459. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (5 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • sun spurge  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • wolf's-milk  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • sun spurge   - English (Canada)
  • euphorbe réveil-matin  (Source: L Noms French ed7) - French
  • euphorbe réveille-matin   - French (Canada)
  • Sonnwend-Wolfsmilch  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • tōdaigusa  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • leiteira-do-sol  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • maleteira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lecherina  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • lechetrezna común  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • lechocino  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • revormstörel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir (n.), Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (w.)
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 164.
  6. Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7 Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2
  9. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  17. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  18. Oudejans, R. C. H. M. 1990. World catalogue of species names published in the tribe Euphorbieae (Euphorbiaceae) with their geographical distribution
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  21. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  22. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  23. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia helioscopia L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?16373. Accessed 21 August 2019.