Taxon: Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch

 
Genus: Euphorbia
  Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
      Tribe: Euphorbieae
        Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16403
Place of publication: Allg. Gartenzeitung 2:27. 1834
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2009
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Christmas-flower  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Christmas-star  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • lobsterplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Mexican flameleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • paintedleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • poinsettia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • flor-de-papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • folha-de-sangue  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • poinsétia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flor de pascua  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • pascuero  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (associated with the Christmas season fide Mabberleys Pl Book)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Durango, - Sinaloa
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:335.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 326.
  • Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) (Ph.D.) (University of Texas at Austin) 217-224.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Trejo, L. et al. 2012. Poinsettia's wild ancestor in the mexican dry tropics: Historical, genetic, and environmental evidence Amer. J. Bot. 99:1146-1157.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.