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Taxon: Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Subgenus: Poinsettia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 16403
Place of publication: Allg. Gartenzeitung 2:27. 1834
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Jul-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2009
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 11 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Christmas-flower  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Christmas-star  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • lobsterplant  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Mexican flameleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • paintedleaf  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • poinsettia  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • flor-de-papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • folha-de-sangue  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • papagaio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • poinsétia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • flor de pascua  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • pascuero  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Durango, Sinaloa]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. (F CostaR)
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  3. Dressler, R. L. 1961. A synopsis of Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48:335.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  6. Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  9. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  10. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  11. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  12. Mabberley, D. J. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 2008 (Mabberleys Pl Book) 326.
  13. Mayfield, M. H. 1997. A systematic treatment of Euphorbia subgenus Poinsettia (Euphorbiaceae) (Ph.D.) (University of Texas at Austin) 217-224.
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  15. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  19. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  20. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  21. Trejo, L. et al. 2012. Poinsettia's wild ancestor in the mexican dry tropics: Historical, genetic, and environmental evidence Amer. J. Bot. 99:1146-1157.
  22. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?16403. Accessed 13 December 2018.