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Taxon: Fagopyrum esculentum Moench

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16528
Place of publication: Methodus 290. 1794
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 357 (181 active, 212 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, livestock)
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental:
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: source of rutin; source of rutin
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Xizang, Yunnan]


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Zaire
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (n.)
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand (n.), Vietnam (n.)

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  6. Campbell, C. 2003. Buckwheat crop improvement (Fagopyrum) 20:1-6.
  7. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. A study of resources of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 130:53-64.
  8. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  9. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  14. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:95-99.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  18. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  19. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  21. Konishi, T. et al. 2005. Original birthplace of cultivated common buckwheat inferred from genetic relationships among cultivated populations and natural populations of wild common buckwheat revealed by AFLP analysis Genes Genet. Systems 80:113-119.
  22. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  23. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  24. Logacheva, M. D. et al. 2008. Comparative chloroplast genomics and phylogenetics of Fagopyrum esculentum ssp. ancestrale - A wild ancestor of cultivated buckwheat B. M. C. Pl. Biol. 8:59.
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:98-99.
  28. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  29. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  30. Ohnishi, O. 1998. Search for the wild ancestor of buckwheat III. The wild ancestor of cultivated common buckwheat, and of Tatary buckwheat Econ. Bot. 52:123-133.
  31. Ohnishi, O. & T. Konishi 2001. Cultivated and wild buckwheat species in eastern Tibet (Fagopyrum) 18:3-8.
  32. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  34. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  35. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  36. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  37. Samimy, C. 1991. Barrier to interspecific crossing of Fagopyrum esculentum with Fagopyrum tataricum: I. Site of pollen-tube arrest. II. Organogenesis from immature embryos of F. tataricum (Euphytica) 54:215-219.
  38. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  39. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  40. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  41. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  42. Yasui, Y. & O. Ohnishi 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Fagopyrum species revealed by the nucleotide sequences of the ITS region of the nuclear rRNA gene Genes Genet. Systems 73:201-210.

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum esculentum Moench :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?16528. Accessed 12 December 2018.