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Taxon: Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16531
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:182. 1790
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 99 (77 active, 77 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • duckwheat  (Source: F Pak) - English
  • green buckwheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • India buckwheat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • India-wheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Tartary buckwheat  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Tartary buckwheat  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • sarrasin de Tartarie  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • sarrasin de Tartarie  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • tatarischer Buchweizen  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kaspat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • grano saraceno siberiano  (Source: pers. comm.) - Italian
  • alforfón de Tartaria  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sibiriskt bovete  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ku chiao mai  (Source: CultTropS) - Transcribed Chinese
  • ku qiao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • grečicha tatarskaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • tatarka  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, cattle)
  • Human food:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India [Sikkim]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 79-80.
  5. Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. Note: GEVES-SNES, Beaucouzé, France
  6. Fesenko, I. N. 2005. Flower homostyly of Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn. is determined by minus-alleles of polymeric genes which related to the loci of heterostyly background in F. cymosum Meisn.. Fagopyrum 22:7-12.
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fagopyrum+tataricum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Galasso, G. 2011. Review of Polygonaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  12. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Kishima, Y. et al. 1995. Chloroplast DNA analysis in buckwheat species: phylogenetic relationships, origin of the reproductive systems and extended inverted repeats. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 108:173-179.
  15. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  18. Ohnishi, O. 2000. Geographical distribution of allozyme in natural populations of wild Tartary buckwheat. Fagopyrum 17:29-34.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  22. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Tsuji, K. & O. Ohnishi. 2000. Origin of cultivated Tatary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) revealed by RAPD analyses. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:431-438.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?16531. Accessed 18 September 2019.