Taxon: Ficus benjamina L.

Genus: Ficus
Section: Conosycea
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 16785
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 1:129. 1767
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide F Viti; F Ceylon)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects (fide Mansf Ency)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea ; Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Queensland, Northern Territory

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Ficus benjamina L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds inside fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image