Taxon: Ficus carica L.

Genus: Ficus
    Section: Ficus
Family: Moraceae
      Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 16801
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1059. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Jan-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 839 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: beverage base (used to make alcoholic and other beverages fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Book; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain - Baleares

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; United States
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics & subtropics


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 1:368-370.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mars, M. 2003. Fig (Ficus carica L.) genetic resources and breeding Acta Hort. 605:19-27.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:100.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Ficus carica L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image