Taxon: Agave americana L.

Genus: Agave
Family: Asparagaceae
  Subfamily: Agavoideae
Nomen number: 1690
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:323. 1753
Name Verified on: 26-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 26-Jan-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Jalisco, - Queretaro, - Veracruz

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Palau
    • Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, - La Pampa; Chile - Juan Fernandez

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Gentry, H. S. 1972. The agave family in Sonora U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 399:80-84.
  • Gentry, H. S. 1982. Agaves of continental North America. 1982 (Agave NAmer) 270-290.
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Kamalesh, T. et al. 1994. Agave americana - potentials ahead (MFP News) 4:14-16.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vázquez-García et al. 2004. Flora del norte de Jalisco y etnobotánica Huichola. Serie Fronteras de Biodivesidad. 2004- (F NJalisco) 1:57.
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. 2002 (L NMaroc)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Agave americana L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.