Taxon: Ficus religiosa L.

 
Genus: Ficus
    Section: Urostigma
Family: Moraceae
      Tribe: Ficeae
Nomen number: 16962
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1059. 1753
Name Verified on: 23-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Jan-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F ChinaEng)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects (in India fide Mansf Ency)
  • Invertebrate food: silkworms (in India fide Mansf Ency)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):286. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)
  • Social: religious/secular (sacred to Hindus & Buddhists fide Pl Book)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 1922-1926 (F Philipp)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):286.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson 1976. Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan) 82.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

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