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Taxon: Ginkgo biloba L.

 
Genus: Ginkgo
Family: Ginkgoaceae
Nomen number: 17540
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:313. 1771
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 01-Apr-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (5 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Human food: seeds
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff; wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng (n.w.), Guizhou Sheng (n.)]


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Del Tredici, P. 2007. The phenology of sexual reproduction in Ginkgo biloba: ecological and evolutionary implications. Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 73:267-278.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Gong, W. et al. 2008. Phylogeography of a living fossil: Pleistocene glaciations forced Ginkgo biloba L. (Ginkgoaceae) into two refuge areas in China with limited subsequent postglacial expansion. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:1094-1105.
  5. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  6. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  7. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  8. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  9. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  12. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  13. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:101.
  14. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  15. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/files/pub/97/133.pdf target='_blank'
  16. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  21. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  22. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_122.html target='_blank'
  23. Tang, C. Q. et al. 2012. Evidence for the persistence of wild Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgoaceae) populations in the Dalou Mountains, southwestern China. Amer. J. Bot. 99:1408-1414.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Ginkgo biloba L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ginkgo biloba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Embryo image: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?17540. Accessed 17 July 2019.