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Taxon: Gleditsia triacanthos L.

 
Genus: Gleditsia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 17641
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1056. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 28-Jun-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (13 active, 11 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as fodder; potential as fodder; potential as forage; potential as forage
  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Michigan (s.), Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota (s.e.), Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota (s.e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3555), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland (w.), Mississippi, North Carolina (w.), South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia (s.w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • United States (extreme e.)

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Csurhes, S. M. & D. Kriticos. 1994. Gleditsia triacanthos L. (Caesalpiniaceae), another thorny, exotic fodder tree gone wild. Pl. Protect. Quart. 9:101-105.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Gleditsia+triacanthos&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  10. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  16. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):159.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  20. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  26. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  27. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Fabaceae&GenusID=Gleditsia&SpeciesID=triacanthos target='_blank'
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  29. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)
  31. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Gleditsia triacanthos L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?17641. Accessed 18 September 2019.