Taxon: Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch

Genus: Gymnocladus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 18091
Place of publication: Dendrologie 1:5. 1869
Name Verified on: 18-Dec-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 97 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : United States

  • Cultivated:

  • Northern America

    • : United States


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):160.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lee, Y.-T. 1976. The genus Gymnocladus and its tropical affinity J. Arnold Arbor. 57:102.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Spaeth, J. P. & J. W. Thieret 2004. Notes on "coffee" from the Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus, Fabaceae) (Sida) 21:345-356.


Check other web resources for Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image