Taxon: Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.

 
Genus: Heteropogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 18953
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:836. 1817
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 37 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • black spear grass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • bunch spear grass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • bunched spear grass  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • spear grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • tangle grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tanglehead  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • assegaaigras  (Source: Ecocrop) - Afrikaans
  • steekgras  (Source: Ecocrop) - Afrikaans
  • herbe à moutons  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe barbue  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe polisson  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Speergras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • flechinha  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • hierba torcida  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • huang mao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Weed: (fide Invaders Database)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Lebanon; Syria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Italy; Montenegro
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Durango, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Colima, - Guanajuato, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Queretaro, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan, - Federal District
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V (Phytologia) 37:356.
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:137.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • USDA/ARS INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource). (Invaders Database)
  • Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. :

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