Taxon: Hibiscus cannabinus L.

 
Genus: Hibiscus
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 19012
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1149. 1759
Name Verified on: 22-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 420 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Materials: fiber (fide F Zamb; Econ Bot 1:334-350. 1947)
  • Materials: lipids (fide F ChinaEng)

Distributional Range:

    Uncertain:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India

  • Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Zaire

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bates, D. M. 1965. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae. 1. Hibiscus (Baileya) 13:83-85.
  • Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:63-64.
  • Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants (Pl Res SEAs) 17:156-162.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1959. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM) 5:77-84.
  • Crance, J. C. 1947. Kenaf - fiber-plant rival of jute Econ. Bot. 1:334-350.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:363.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wilson, F. D. 1978. Wild kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae), and related species in Kenya and Tanzania Econ. Bot. 32:199-204.
  • Wilson, F. D. 1999. Revision of Hibiscus section Furcaria (Malvaceae) in Africa and Asia Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 29:66-67.
  • Wilson, F. D. & M. Y. Menzel 1964. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) Econ. Bot. 18:80-91.
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Hibiscus cannabinus L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Hibiscus cannabinus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image