Taxon: Hibiscus trionum L.

Genus: Hibiscus
Family: Malvaceae
  Subfamily: Malvoideae
      Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 19098
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:697. 1753
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • bladder ketmia  (Source: Econ Pl Aust) - English
  • flower-of-an-hour  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Venice-mallow  (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English
  • teel sheitani  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • Stunden-Roseneibisch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • gin-sen-ka  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • timvisare  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • ye xi gua miao  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • subagpul  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • gibiskus trojčatyj  (Source: F Armenia) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:


    . exact native range obscure


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Transvaal
    • West Tropical Africa: Mali; Senegal
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia

  • Naturalized:

    • :
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Bates, D. M. 1965. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae. 1. Hibiscus (Baileya) 13:89-90.
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Humbert, J.-H., ed. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. 1936- (F Madag)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Savulescu, T. et al., eds; E. J. Nyárády et al., comp. Flora republicii populare romine. 1952-1976 (F Romania)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Takhtajan, A. L., ed. Flora Armenii. 1954-1987 (F Armenia)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Hibiscus trionum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Hibiscus trionum cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image