Taxon: Agrostemma githago L.

 
Genus: Agrostemma
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 1917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:435. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • [screening of grain seed has reduced weediness]
  • • the specific epithet is a noun in apposition, and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables, 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other


    Native

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia
    • China: China Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Macedonia ; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany ; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Finland
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States California
    • Subarctic America: United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Caribbean: Hispaniola
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay

  • Cultivated


References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires. (Man BuenAir)
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. 1965-1970 (F BuenAir)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  • Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 1954 (F Colo)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. 1960 (L Canary)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur 44.
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rabeler, R. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Agrostemma githago L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image