Taxon: Hordeum murinum L.

 
Genus: Hordeum
  Subgenus: Hordeum
    Section: Trichostachys
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Triticeae
Nomen number: 19314
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:85. 1753
Name Verified on: 05-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 37 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 391. 1997)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of barley (fide Pl Syst Evol 153:55. 1986; Divers Barley 248. 2003)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed; Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - Kalmykia, - Astrakhan, - Volgograd; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Peru

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bothmer, R. von 1996. Distribution and habitat preferences in the genus Hordeum in Iran and Turkey Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 98B(suppl.):113-115.
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley Agronomy 26:33.
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen 1986. Interspecific crosses in Hordeum (Poaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 153:49-64.
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen 1986. Interspecific crosses in Hordeum (Poaceae) Pl. Syst. Evol. 153:49-64.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1983. Interspecific hybridization with cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare) Hereditas (Beijing) 99:219-244.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al. 1983. Interspecific hybridization with cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare) Hereditas (Beijing) 99:219-244.
  • Bothmer, R. von et al., eds. Diversity in barley (Hordeum vulgare). Developments in Plant Genetics and Breeding, vol. 7. 2003 (Divers Barley)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correa, M. N. Flora patagonica. 1969- (F Patag)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Doebley, J. et al. 1992. Chloroplast DNA variation and the phylogeny of Hordeum (Poaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 79:576-584.
  • Doebley, J. et al. 1992. Chloroplast DNA variation and the phylogeny of Hordeum (Poaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 79:576-584.
  • Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • El-Rabey, H. A. et al. 2002. Speciation and species separation in Hordeum (Poaceae) resolved by discontinuous molecular markers Pl. Biol. 4:567-575.
  • El-Rabey, H. A. et al. 2002. Speciation and species separation in Hordeum (Poaceae) resolved by discontinuous molecular markers Pl. Biol. 4:567-575.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds)
  • Jacobsen, N. & R. von Bothmer 1995. Taxonomy in the Hordeum murinum complex (Poaceae) Nordic J. Bot. 15:449-458.
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Scholz, H. & T. Raus 1997. Zwei neue Unterarten des Hordeum murinum (Gramineae) aus Griechenland und Spanien Feddes Repert. 108:527-531.
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Skvortsov, A. K., ed. Flora of the Lower Volga region. 2006- (F LowVolga)
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:396.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq) 9:248-250.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

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