Taxon: Ilex opaca Aiton

 
Genus: Ilex
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Nomen number: 19755
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 1:169. 1789
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • American holly  (Source: AH 519) - English
  • white holly  (Source: Trees US) - English
  • amerikanische Stechpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Krussmann)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features (fide Hollies)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Massachusetts, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:197.
  • Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Eisenbeiss, G. K. & T. R. Dudley 1973. International checklist of cultivated Ilex. Part 1. Ilex opaca Natl. Arbor. Contr. 3:1-85.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Galle, F. C. Hollies. The genus Ilex. 1997 (Hollies)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Ilex opaca Aiton :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ilex opaca cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.