Taxon: Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil.

 
Genus: Ilex
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Nomen number: 19756
Place of publication: Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9:351. 1822
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Jun-2013
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:83. 2000)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide CultTropS; Pl Res SEAs 16:83. 2000)
  • Materials: essential oils (used in perfumery fide Pl Res SEAs 16:83. 2000)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:83. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Book; Pl Res SEAs 16:83. 2000)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Mato Grosso do Sul, - Minas Gerais, - Parana, - Rio de Janeiro, - Rio Grande do Sul, - Santa Catarina, - Sao Paulo
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, - Misiones; Paraguay - Alto Parana, - Amambay, - Caaguazu, - Central, - Guaira, - Itapua, - Misiones, - San Pedro, - Canendiyu; Uruguay

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Angely, J. A. Flora analitica do Parana. 1965 (L Parana)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Dubs, B. Prodromus florae matogrossensis. Botany of Mato Grosso, series B, no. 3. 1998 (L Mato Grosso)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Giberti, C. C. 1979. La especies argentinas del género Ilex
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Spichiger, R., ed. Flora del Paraguay. 1985- (F Parag)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:83.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil. :

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ilex paraguariensis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image