Taxon: Impatiens capensis Meerb.

 
Genus: Impatiens
Family: Balsaminaceae
Nomen number: 19813
Place of publication: Afb. zeldz. gew. t. 10. 1775
Name Verified on: 05-Mar-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-May-2009
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Neobiota 8:188. 2009)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Finland; United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France

References:

  • Adamowski, W. 2009. Impatiens balfourii as an emerging invader in Europe. In P. Pyšek & J. Pergl, eds., Biological invasions: towards a synthesis (Neobiota) 8:183-194.
  • Akiyama, S. 2000. A new record of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in Honshu, Japan Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 26:61-65.
  • Clifton, R. Madagscar's Balsams. 2001 (Madag Balsams) 47.
  • Cody, W. J. Flora of the Yukon Territory. 1996 (F Yukon)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas. 1999 (F NC Tex)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Fuchs, H. P. 1962. Nomenklatorische Erganzungen zu der Arbeit Nicholas Meerburg und die drei von Ihm verfassten botanischen Tafelwerke Acta Bot. Neerl. 11:69-89.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hinds, H. R. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2. 2000 (F New Brunswick)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Knebel. I. 1999. Impatiens capensis Meerb. in der Urdenbacher Kampe - erster nachweis dieses springkrautes in NRW? Florist. Rundbr. 32(2):123-125.
  • Krogerus, H. 1977. Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae) inford till Lojo-omradet i sydvastra Finland - Impatiens capensis introduced into the Lojo-area in southwestern Finland Memoranda Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 53:99-102.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Moss, E. H. & J. G. Packer Flora of Alberta, ed. 2. 1983 (F Alberta)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Pawlaczyk, P. & W. Adamowski 1991. Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae) - nowy gatunek we florze Polski [Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae) - new species in the flora of Poland] Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 35:225-232.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porsild, A. E. & W. J. Cody Vascular plants of continental Northwest Territories, Canada. 1980 (F NW Terr)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. 1978 (F WVa)
  • Townsend, J., ed. South Carolina plant atlas (on-line resource). (Atlas SCarol)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource). (F Wisconsin)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. 1998 (F Florida)

Synonyms:

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