Taxon: Impatiens glandulifera Royle

 
Genus: Impatiens
Family: Balsaminaceae
Nomen number: 19826
Place of publication: Ill. bot. Himal. Mts. 2(2): t. 28, fig. 2. 1834; 1(5):151. 1835
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Himalayan balsam  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Indian balsam  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ornamental jewelweed  (Source: PLANTS) - English
  • policeman's-helmet  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • balsamie de l'Himmalaya  (Source: F New Brunswick) - French
  • drüsiges Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indisches Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • jättebalsamin  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: (fide NPB State Noxweed/WA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Mizoram, - Uttar Pradesh; Nepal; Pakistan

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Gorno-Altay, - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Irkutsk, - Novosibirsk
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy; Romania; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Morelos

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Akiyama, S. 1999. New records of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in Hokkaido Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 25:143-149.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Fernández Nava, R. et al. 1998. Listado florístico de la cuenca del Río Balsas, México (Polibotanica) 9:1-151.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hinds, H. R. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2. 2000 (F New Brunswick)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia) 10:77; 14:84.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya. 1984 (Flow Himal)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. 1993- (F India)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • USDA, NRCS United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service's PLANTS database (on-line resource). (PLANTS)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Impatiens glandulifera Royle :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image