Taxon: Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.

Genus: Imperata
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 19864
Place of publication: Ess. Agrostogr. 8, 165, 177, t. 5, fig. 1. 1812 (E. A. Raeuschel, Nomencl. bot. 10. 1797, nom. nud.)
  • • Raeuschel gives no evidence his I. cylindrica, nom. nud. is based on Lagurus cylindricus L.
  • • his adoption of Imperata whose only prior species included L. cylindricus in synonymy isn't enough (Melbourne ICN Art. 41.4)
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Sep-2013
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:140-142. 1992)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Animal food: potential as forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:140-142. 1992)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Bot Gaz 118:154-155. 1957, citing a 1938 cross that resulted in a 2n+n hybrid)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):310. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2, as I. cylindrica var. major)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Free State, - Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Northern Territory, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Tasmania, - Victoria, - Western Australia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Seychelles
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia, - Lord Howe Island
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : South America; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Vanuatu
  • Southern America

    • : South America; United States
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Central America
    • Southern South America: Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


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Check other web resources for Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. :