Taxon: Indigofera hirsuta L.

Genus: Indigofera
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Indigofereae
Nomen number: 20017
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:751. 1753
Name Verified on: 14-Sep-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Sep-2004
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 33 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • hairy indigo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • rough hairy indigo  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • behaarter Indigostrauch  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • tanuki-komatsunagi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • falso-anil  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • índigo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • anileira  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • anileira-do-pasto  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • anil-roxo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:161. 1997)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:161. 1997)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India - Andhra Pradesh, - Assam, - Bihar, - Goa, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Karnataka, - Kerala, - Madhya Pradesh, - Maharashtra, - Meghalaya, - Orissa, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Tamil Nadu, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. in neotropics


    . also cult.


  • Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2005 (L Cabo Verde)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Australian Systematic Botany Society Flora of central Australia. 1981 (F CAust)
  • Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. 1984 (F Togo)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:159-161.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Green, J. W. Census of the vascular plants of Western Australia. 1985 (L WAust)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kort, I. de & G. Thijsse 1984. A revision of the genus Indigofera (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) in Southeast Asia (Blumea) 30:120.
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lebrun, J.-P. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional. 1972 (L SChad)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. 1982 (F PR)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Lock, J. M. & J. Heald Legumes of Indochina: a checklist. 1994 (Leg Indochina)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sanjappa, M. 1995. Leguminosae - Papilionoideae tribe Indigoferae (Fasc F India) 21:81-83.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:161.

Check other web resources for Indigofera hirsuta L. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.