Taxon: Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.

 
Genus: Ipomoea
  Subgenus: Eriospermum
    Section: Erpipomoea
Family: Convolvulaceae
      Tribe: Ipomoeeae
Nomen number: 20138
Place of publication: Fl. aegypt.-arab. 44. 1775
Name Verified on: 02-Sep-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jul-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (widely traded in SE Asia fide Use Pl WT Afr; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:181. 1993; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia
    • West Tropical Africa: Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname
    • Western South America: Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Austin, D. F. 2007. Water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica, Convolvulaceae): a food gone wild Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 5:123-146.
  • Austin, D. F. & Z. Huáman 1996. A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas (Taxon) 45:5.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Berhaut, J. Flore illustrée du Senegal. 1971- (F Senegal)
  • Bhandari, M. M. Flora of the Indian desert. 1978 (F IndDes)
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. 1979-1982 (L Micrones)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 4:1860.
  • Hara, H. Flora of eastern Himalaya. v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975 (F EHimal)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski 1992. Les genres Merremia et Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 37:110.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. 1975-1979 (F Taiwan)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 1983 (F TamilC)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. 1966-1972 (F Namib)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Ross, J. The flora of Natal. 1972 (F Natal)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. 1976 (F Hassan)
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:181-184.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Staples, G. W. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:164.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. Flora yunnanica. 1977- (F Yunnan)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. :

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