Taxon: Iris pseudacorus L.

Genus: Iris
  Subgenus: Limniris
    Section: Limniris
Family: Iridaceae
  Subfamily: Iridoideae
      Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20385
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:38. 1753
Name Verified on: 09-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide BernhardSmith; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann; Moldenke; Pammel)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Iran; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. 1923 (BernhardSmith)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Maire, R. C. J. E. et al. Flore de l'Afrique du Nord. 1952- (F Afr Nord)
  • Mathew, B. The Iris. 1981 (Iris) 104.
  • Moldenke, H. N. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. 1951 (Moldenke)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. 1911 (Pammel)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Waddick, J. W. & Zhao Yu-tang Iris of China. 1992 (Iris China)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Iris pseudacorus L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image