Taxon: Iris pseudacorus L.

 
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Limniris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20385
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:38. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 09-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide BernhardSmith; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann; Moldenke; Pammel)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. BernhardSmith, A. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. (BernhardSmith)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  17. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  19. Maire, R. C. J. E. et al. Flore de l'Afrique du Nord. (F Afr Nord)
  20. Mathew, B. The Iris. (Iris) 104.
  21. Moldenke, H. N. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. (Moldenke)
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  23. Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. (Pammel)
  24. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  25. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. Waddick, J. W. & Zhao Yu-tang Iris of China. 1992 (Iris China)
  29. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  30. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Iris pseudacorus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?20385. Accessed 19 April 2018.