Taxon: Iris versicolor L.

Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Limniris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20440
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:39. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 24-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Dec-2004
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)
  • Weed: (fide F NAmer)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Maryland, Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba

  • Naturalized

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • American Herbal Products Association Herbs of commerce. 1992 (Herbs Commerce)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Britton, N. L. & A. Brown An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3. (IllF N US Can)
  • Crow, G. E. & C. B. Hellquist Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America, 2 vol. 2000 (Aquat NE NAmer)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  • Mathew, B. The Iris. (Iris) 104.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Rhoads, A. F. & T. A. Block The plants of Pennsylvannia. An illustrated manual. 2000 (F Penn)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  • Waddick, J. W. & Zhao Yu-tang Iris of China. 1992 (Iris China)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)

Check other web resources for Iris versicolor L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image